Seminaire Pr Eli SUTTER « New Frontiers in Two Dimensional Layered Heterostructures and Twisted Nanostructures »

Sorbonne Université Campus Pierre et Marie Curie
Salle 101 Tour 42 (Couloir 42-32)  1er Étage
 Le 05 Juin 2023  à 14h00

Pr Eli Sutter Department of Mechanical & Materials Engineering, University of NebraskaLincoln

Présentera un séminaire intitulé:

« New Frontiers in Two Dimensional Layered Heterostructures and Twisted Nanostructures »

Twodimensional crystals have attracted broad interest due to novel properties that arise
in atomically thin materials. As interesting scientifically and important technologically
but much less explored are layered van der Waals crystals that, assembled from 2D
building blocks, lie between a monolayer and the bulk. In this regime, phenomena such
as spontaneous phase separation, transformations between different crystal polymorphs,
hybrid dimensionality, and introduction of defects provide unprecedented opportunities
for controlling morphology, interface formation, and novel degrees of freedom such as
layer stacking and interlayer twist. But going beyond a single layer also poses significant
challenges, both due to the diversity and complexity of the possible fewlayer structures
and the difficulty of probing functionality such as optoelectronics and photonics at the
relevant (nanometer) length scales.
Here, we discuss recent research that addresses these challenges by advanced materials
characterization combining microscopy, electron diffraction and spectroscopy of light
matter interactions at the ultimate resolution limit. We focus on group IVA chalcogenides,
an emerging class of layered semiconductors with multiple stable polymorphs that show
promise for energy conversion, optoelectronics, and information processing. Our results
highlight the rich sets of materials architectures and functionalities that can be realized in
van der Waals crystals, heterostructures, and nanostructures beyond the 2D limit.

Séminaire Alexandre Dazzi « When atomic force microscopy meets IR »

Sorbonne Université Campus Pierre et Marie Curie
Salle 54.55.203
29 Mars 2022 – Masque obligatoire

Pr. Alexandre Dazzi, Dr. Ariane Deniset-Besseau, Dr. Jérémie Mathurin
Institut de Chimie Physique – Université Paris-Saclay Orsay

Présentera une conférence intitulée
« When atomic force microscopy meets infrared »

The invention and the development of the AFM-IR technique has begun because of a strong willing to go beyond the resolution and to push away the limit of infrared microscopy in the Free Electron Laser facility center in 2004 at Orsay. The idea of AFM-IR is based on the coupling between a tunable infrared laser and an AFM (Atomic Force Microscope). The sample is irradiated with a pulsed nanosecond tunable laser. If the IR laser is tuned to a wavenumber corresponding to sample absorption band, the absorbed light is directly transformed into heat. This fast heating results in a rapid thermal expansion localized only in the absorption region. The thermal expansion is then detected by the AFM tip as a shock inducing the cantilever to oscillate on its own resonance modes.
The 4-quadrants detector of the AFM finally records these oscillations. Thus, the detection scheme is analogous to photo-acoustic spectroscopy, except that AFM tip and cantilever are used to detect and amplify the thermal expansion signal instead of a microphone in a gas cell. As oscillations amplitude detected by the AFM is rigorously proportional to the local absorption, recording for one tip position, the oscillations maximum as a function of laser wavenumber allow to build up local IR absorption spectra. These spectra use to correlate very well conventional IR absorption spectra collected by FT-IR spectroscopy. In addition, mapping oscillations amplitude versus tip position, for one specific wavenumber, gives a spatially resolved map of IR absorption that can be used to localize specific chemical functions (1)
After 16 years of development and improvement the AFM-IR technique becomes now a robust and efficient tool for infrared analysis at nanometer scale. The AFM-IR system can now work in contact or tapping mode (2,3,4) with sensitivity and resolution around 5-10 nm with spectra bandwidth about 0.5 cm-1 (linked to the pulsed laser properties). The domain of applications is really huge, covering many diverse research areas like materials science, life science, astrochemistry, and culture heritage.

1. A. Dazzi, C.B. Prater, Chem. Rev., 117, 7, 5146–5173, (2017).
2. J. Mathurin et al., Analyst, 143, 5940-5949, (2018).
3. J. Mathurin et al. A&A, 622 (2019).[4] D. Kurouski et al., Chem. Soc. Rev. 49, 3315-3347, (2020).
4. D. Kurouski et al., Chem. Soc. Rev. 49, 3315-3347, (2020).